Hepatitis C is an infectious disease that affects the liver and is one of the most common types of hepatitis. Hepatitis C, the symptoms of which for a long time may not manifest at all, often proceeds with its late detec
The hepatitis C virus that causes HCV is of a small type, containing genetic material (RNA) in the envelope. Before this virus was discovered (it happened relatively recently, in 1989), the infection was defined as “neither A nor B” hepatitis. Hepatitis C, the symptoms of which are caused by the corresponding virus, despite the general detection of this disease mainly in young people, can develop completely in any person.
The main feature that the hepatitis C virus possesses is that it is genetically variable, in addition to this, it is noted that it has a high propensity for mutations. At the moment there are 6 genotypes of this virus, and, considering, again, the mutational activity of hepatitis C, its presence in the human body can consist of about 40 subspecies of the virus. The only feature of such content can be the fact that even in such a number of subspecies of hepatitis C, it belongs, regardless of the number of subspecies, only to one common existing genotype. This feature is fundamental in determining the persistence of the virus in combination with a high incidence of hepatitis C in terms of its chronic forms.
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